Ethical and Cultural Perspectives of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome PCOS


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is the prevalent usual endocrine disorder in females. It can portray significant consequences connected to mental and physical health and raise the danger of cardiovascular, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension diseases, including backing to general poor health, as noted by scholars such as Simon et al. (2021). Previous works have underlined challenges encountered when handling PCOS, such as feeling a freak or abnormal. Deficiency of facts provided to females having PCOS may generate confusion regarding why they continue suffering symptoms, resulting in guilt and deficiency of control. For that reason, this essay will evaluate cultural traditions that influence the treatment and how power, money, and control issues related to the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome condition and its management using Indian females’ context.

Cultural traditions that impact the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome treatment

Existing literature demonstrates the start of different metabolic and socio-cultural anomalies in the experience of individuals affected by PCOS is culturally influenced. This illness holds its base inside the gene group of the client. Still, current lifestyle develops it, thereby distressing future cohorts with PCOS similar illnesses as emphasized by researchers such as Phimphasone-Brady et al. (2021). Thrifty nature has been supportive for humans during gathering and hunting periods when food accessibility was occasional; nevertheless, in current society, because of food plenty, thrifty genotype leads to the amassing of fat, which always is unused. This idle fat leads to the start of illnesses such as diabetes mellitus. Genetic thriftiness is a genetic change resulting from humans’ susceptibility to obesity, including related cultural lifestyle diseases. Therefore, all humans and the current study of females are equally vulnerable to cultural lifestyle illnesses like diabetes and PCOS. Hyperandrogenemia is a significant characteristic aspect of PCOS. Its occurrence is credited to the patient’s genotype. Hyperandrogenemia occurs more compared with anovulation. PCOS involves the subsequent genetic disposition and eco-friendly features in the culture of physical inactivity and eating habits which aids in the physical expression of this illness. Major signs of this disease include partial anovulation, known medically as hyperandrogenism and oligomenorrhea.

Another effect on the treatment of PCOS is cultural restrictions enforced on menstruating females because of the community’s psycho-genic and socio-genic methods, particularly males. Diverse meanings are given to menstrual happenings, and hence women are prohibited from engaging in various works. The evil spirit lives in the menstruating woman’s blood, and hence menstruated blood could disturb the environment of the female. This evil spirit gets into the women’s body like a bird, lizard, or serpent. Therefore, females in Portugal were tabooed to dress drawers when menstruating to defend themselves from such animals.

Some individuals trust that menstrual restrictions exist to defend husbands from the actual risk of menstruating females. Adolescent girls who wish to debate menstruation with their peers tend to choose for specific circumlocution and euphuisms to enable them not to break down the custom of maintaining menstruation discussion undercover. For instance, in India, taboos enacted on menstruating females differ from preventing their entering into spiritual places to putting them far from the pickle jars (Suharti et al., 2021). Since they are housewives, many of them prefer to have recurrent periods as it allows them to rest from the religious and household chores. Females from lower social levels tend to keep everything connected to their reproduction lives, including their instant kins.

Equally, a lack of consciousness regarding infertility and disease creates a dare for the victims. Global infertility is connected with various psychological illnesses. Infertility results in sadness, depression, hurt, anger, humiliation, and embarrassment among couples. Body image sufferings and dissatisfaction from unhappiness have been discovered to be prevalent in childless women. Some individuals trust that females with PCOS could never conceive (Pathak, 2021). Nevertheless, doctors know a diverse attitude to this statement since, in some situations, females with PCOS acquire pregnancy minus any medical help and cases, require small medical help.

How do ethical theories apply to PCOS ISSUE?

Ethical consideration plays a major role in treating individuals with PCOS challenges in different contexts. Screening, management guidelines, risk stratification, and diagnosis are all aimed at supporting policymakers, patients, and health professionals, in making rational decisions regarding risk, whereas improving benefits and reducing the injuries of treatments and investigations, or the absence of both. Successful screening initiatives have prevented several deaths, disabilities, and diseases, with screening for cervical cancer and newborns being two cases. But, when dealing with prostate cancer and mammography screening, for instance, the balance between risk and benefit remains less clear. There is a need to use ethical, economic, and qualitative reviews involving the public and those involved to improve the evidence in such circumstances.

Nevertheless, alongside confirming that wide involvement happens in resolution-making, high-quality substantiation synthesis remains essential. The dangers of over-analysis for PCOS, shifts in diagnostic standards improve prevalence in treatment. Among the concerns of over-general diagnostic ethics is the danger of injury that might ensue in using treatment criteria, applicable to only the sub-group of involved females, to the broader population checked with PCOS. The application of unbiased clinical, biochemical and imaging, shifts to checking PCOS remains to current treatment path dares; however, the challenge becomes far complex in circumstances where treatment is reliant on clinical signs only when the danger of too much diagnosis is bigger and its impacts wide-reaching (Li et al., 2021).

Decision-making for diagnosis and screening in the medical and at the general population health setting can create major ethical implications for PCOS, varying from the physical and psychological damage that could come from inappropriate treatment and screening to missed chances for life-saving early treatment and preventative interventions. With progressively strained health services, significant ethical decisions on management and prevention are often developed, with little conversion between the medical professional concerned.


Conclusively, the essay has evaluated the cultural factors which affect PCOS treatments.  Cultural factors include the belief that those women suffering from the disorder have been cursed and could not bear children. Further, the essay has informed on the isolation of women suffering from PCOS, thus making it hard to treat them. Subsequently, the essay has highlighted how ethical theories apply to the treatment of PCOS conditions for those affected. In this context, PCOS remains a condition many individuals have not understood how to treat despite having challenges from cultural and ethical diversification.


Li, X., Liu, X., Zuo, Y., Gao, J., Liu, Y., & Zheng, W. (2021). The risk factors of gestational diabetes mellitus in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: What should we care about. Medicine100(31).

Pathak, G. (2021). An Ecosocial Perspective on Barriers to the Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Among Women in Urban India. Journal of Health Management, 09720634211011558.

Phimphasone-Brady, P., Palmer, B., Vela, A., Johnson, R. L., Harnke, B., Hoffecker, L., … & Epperson, C. N. (2021). Psychosocial interventions for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. F&S Reviews.

Simon, N. H., Akinola, A., & Samadi, F. (2021). Knowledge and Practice towards Weight Reduction among Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. International Journal of Obstetrics, Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing7(1), 20-32p.

Suharti, B., Kartika, T., & Sugiyanta, S. (2021). Culture and social: herbal medicine as health communication to build urban community empowerment. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi5(1), 151-164.

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