Human Responsibility for the Environment


Environmental conservation has become a contentious issue among the human race. The environment is in a big mess right now, and if nothing is done, the human race will have nowhere to live, for the earth is the only planet that supports life. Human activities have damaged the world so tremendously to the point of no return. The only remedy is to reduce the harmful activities as much as possible. The world is experiencing global warming, climatic changes, and pollution making it uneasy to maintain. The other challenges are loss of biodiversity, cutting down trees, and emissions by industries and Moto vehicles. All those challenges can be rectified through environment conservation. Opponents of environment conservation believe in focusing on oneself and every pathogen living on one’s body.

Opposition position

Most people have focused on environmental concerns like climatic change, biodiversity loss, cutting down trees, emissions from factories, but have you ever thought about how best it could be to focus on oneself? People should start viewing the problem in a new way. Instead of continuously focusing on the environmental concerns, people need to create another debate focus on ourselves and the pathogens surviving on and in our bodies. The human microbiome refers to the bacteria, fungi, and viruses living both on and inside the human body (Integrative et al., 2019). The microorganisms living in and on our bodies are approximately ten times our body cells. Something interesting about these microorganisms is that they are parasites or busybodies on our bodies and perform essential functions for our good health and survival. The human microbiome centers on the possibility of developing new medical diagnoses and their medications (McLeod et al., 2019). Embracing the research will help us focus on environmental concerns and ecology. Microorganisms on one’s body perform essential functions for his existence. Hence one has to embrace them as part of oneself.

Proponents’ position

Pollution and waste dumping are the major spring of health complications. Most of the waste dumped remains in the ecosystems. Untreated sewage contaminates water puts the lives of approximately 1.8 billion people in danger of contracting cholera, dysentery, and typhoid. Industrial emissions are also dangerous to human health because they cause chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, lung dysfunction, and skin cancer. A substance called methylmercury found in products that contaminate fish and they have toxic effects on the nervous and immune systems when taken into the body (Li et al., 2020). According to Issac and Kandasubramanian (2021), there is a growing concern about the effect of micro-plastic on marine life and the food web. Therefore, there is also a need to concentrate on environmental conservation concerns to keep our lives safe as we also focus on ourselves.

Most people have concentrated so much on environmental conservation concerns and have forgotten about themselves. People are aware of the loss of biodiversity, deforestation, emissions from the factories, and their effects, but they rarely know about their self ecology. The human microbiome (oneself ecology) helps one understand his body and the microorganisms living on and inside his body. Therefore, people should be encouraged not just to focus on conserving the environment but also to have a keen look at the human microbiome, to stay a better and safe life.


Integrative, H. M. P., Proctor, L. M., Creasy, H. H., Fettweis, J. M., Lloyd-Price, J., Mahurkar, A., … & Huttenhower, C. (2019). The integrative human microbiome project. Nature, 569(7758), 641-648.

Issac, M. N., & Kandasubramanian, B. (2021). Effect of microplastics in water and aquatic systems. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1-19.

Li, J., Zhou, S., Wei, W., Qi, J., Li, Y., Chen, B., … & Liang, S. (2020). China’s retrofitting measures in coal-fired power plants bring significant mercury-related health benefits. One Earth, 3(6), 777-787.

McLeod, C., Nerlich, B., & Jaspal, R. (2019). Fecal microbiota transplants: emerging social representations in the English-language print media. New Genetics and Society, 38(3), 331-351.

Qadri, R., & Faiq, M. A. (2020). Freshwater pollution: effects on aquatic life and human health. In Freshwater pollution dynamics and remediation (pp. 15-26). Springer, Singapore.


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