Discrimination and Oppression

Discrimination and Oppression

Racial disparity and racial discernment have shaped America from the point of inception. Ironically, the pursuit for liberty within American borders and its colonies was based on coercion, discrimination and vicious types of supremacies which guaranteed an outright renunciation of liberty for the oppressed. A contradiction is generated within the history of America, whereby one admires how the principles and doctrines of independence and impartiality can co-exist with the realisms of captivity. Currently, the nation is extremely engrossed in the reverberation of this evident paradox. Most of the fundamental parts that racial discrimination is prevalent includes regular everyday interactions, credit markets, accommodation, training, occupation, and the criminal justice framework. The research paper aims at assessing the problem, root causes of discrimination, desired changes, an implementation program and outcomes.

Description of the Problem

Most people distinguish race as a natural classification that infers genetic variances across individuals of diverse lineage. Racial categorizations are normally made through initiating interpretations of the physiological dissimilarities amongst people. The naturalness of race may either be ostensible or palpable for the majority. This significant misinterpretation defines race as a social construct instead of a biological occurrence. In this regard, cultural qualities are largely described by social resolutions instead of biology. Nonetheless, the racial categorization does not characteristically convert to cultural subjugation. In a rational and just community, racial variances are consigned to genetic and ethnic variances.

Nonetheless, this is not applicable in the practical realm- racial categorizations are virtually constantly the root cause of undue societal and financial disparity, segregation and dominance of the marginal group by the bigger race. Ethnic discernment describes the connection between racial organization, socio-economic disparity, and subjugation (David & Derthick, 2017). In the United States, over the years, remarkable advancements have been accomplished regarding the end to racial discrimination and oppression. Nonetheless, the financial dissimilarities between marginal groups and whites remain as substantial. Although the community is no-longer viewed as being ethnically-prejudiced, the balance re-establishment may take long, particularly in the existence of lawfully applicable mechanisms of instituting coercion amongst the marginalized groups. The treatment for the ‘heritages’ of historical prejudice is considered to be intricate and long-term.

Currently, racial discernment is an element of life- constant and prevalent. Institutional racism is believed to be more obstinate and takes many forms. According to Anderson (2017), micro-interactions are the predominant means of racial discernment however they are the most challenging to recognize except if an individual becomes the victim. People from marginal races are known encounter some form of racial discernment on a daily basis. In communal stores, members drawn from marginal races bear an increasing likelihood to be observed compared to consumers of white descent. There’s exists a general evasion of members of specific marginal races by the white populace.  

In particular scenarios, people drawn from specific of certain marginalized racer wait for long compared to their white colleagues to acquire services in a restaurant. People of Arabic lineage stir nervousness and attract distrust from the society as black men wait significantly longer compared to white men to get taxis. In a broader perspective, one-on-one interactions may dim the attention on racial discernment. On the other hand, cumulatively they depict an image of lacking of social reverence for members of marginal races. Persistent recurrence of this type of social disregard results to nervousness, uncertainty, and pressure that pointedly limits the operations of members of marginal groups.

Causes of the Discrimination and Oppression

Discrimination patterns may be shaped by effects at numerous diverse levels, and the particular aspects are frequently problematic to monitor. According to Kirkinis et al (2018), “racism” is the conviction that race is an “ultimate determinant” of an individual’s qualities and capabilities. This generates a order whereby particular races are “greater” compared to others. This chapter aims at addressing the root causes of discrimination and oppression. Foremost, one of the major causes entails self-interests. Most scholars believed that self-interests are the root cause of racist principles.  Between the 17th and 18th periods, individuals from various nations within the African continent were abducted and coerced to be slaves. McCartin. (2016)attributes this to European investors figuring out that that indentured domestics were unable to manage the operation required for the growth of tobacco, sugar and cotton in the US. Rather than attempting to appeal volunteer laborers, Europeans opted for the use of slavery. They were required to validate barbaric actions. Therefore, they argued that slavery was satisfactory as slaves were less of human beings.

Second root cause of discrimination entails maintaining the status quo. Preserving a status quo that safeguards racism is frequently warranted as “maintaining the peace” or preserving law and order. Phillips Adams and Salter (2015)indicate that racist concepts have long been utilized to overpower confrontation to racial disparities. When individuals trust in racist things, for instance, that Black people are certainly more ferocious and treacherous – they are not disturbed by police ruthlessness or mass confinement. Individuals that profit from racist establishments require racist notions that hold up discernment or the community would rebel against the status quo. “Upholding the peace” turn out to be more significant compared to impartiality and parity.

Third root cause of discrimination involves media presentation. In what manner the media characterizes race bears a significant impact on the society’s perception of race. Whereas the media is a replication of a principles at large, it retains racial stereotypes active and sound and consequently invigorates racism. Racism within the media is frequently understated and devoid of spiteful intentions, however it has extremely undesirable impacts. For instance, Hispanic men are over-represented within the media as agents of vehement crime while Black individuals are similarly over-represented in news reports regarding insufficiency. This has an impact on Black person’s perception of themselves along with the community’s opinion of Black individuals.

Desired Changes

The grounds of racism and correlated prejudice and the ways for their perpetuation are multifaceted, including lawful susceptibility and discernment, economic and educational shortcoming, social and political side-lining, and mental oppression. As a result, it is important for administrations, educational, and proficient, benevolent, spiritual, non-governmental organizations and the United Nations to integrate various mechanisms. Foremost, acknowledging, safeguard and uphold the quality of life of causalities of discrimination and other forms of prejudices. This majorly involves women and children, immigrants and refugees, adherents of multi-ethnic countries, native persons, victims of infirmities, and physiological and psychological illnesses.

Second, establishment, endorsing and actively supporting monetarily, Organizations on ethnic justice and psychological health advancement, at the uppermost levels. These institutions ought to prioritize research and public policy growth and the advancement of exploration and program progress linked to tracing the impacts of racial discernment, chauvinism and linked prejudices. Additionally, the prominence of connected racial and ethnic discrepancies in social, informative, economic, party-political, health and mental situations.

Third, establishment of programmatic backing for psychological health on a par with physiological health in the World Health Organization and the UN structure. This entails prioritizing racial discrimination, chauvinism and related prejudices as restrictions to mental welfare and affirmative health and psychological health. In this case it includes discernment in health and psychological health care accessibility and treatment. This can be achieved through the elimination of prejudices in research and indicative tools, approaches and processes that replicate and propagate racial and ethnic differences and prejudice in medicinal, mental, informative, service and other established evaluations.

Program for implementing the changes and probable outcomes

Racial discernment continues penetrating through the squeaky framework of the community and effect destructively on marginal groups in contemporary United States communities. As a result, there’s an overpowering prerequisite to locate viable and certain resolutions for management of the social challenge.

One of the key ways to implement the changes in undertaking legal reforms. Presently, laws on discrimination require evidence of discriminatory intentions from the complainant. Moreover, the stipulations necessitate evidence that discernment happened as a result of race and not because of other factors associated with race. These aspects can either be verbal form or financial position.  According to Thompson (2017), discrimination laws should not concentrate on biased intentions but rather on intolerant results. In addition, he states that discrimination rules should centre on upholding impartiality to every individual irrespective of how they appear, their actions, or talking.

The other mode of implementation entails stress on training and multiculturalism as a mode of altering the racism culture. Racial discernment, in its integral aspects of race and discernment, may be thoroughly by incorporating education programs. An over-all assurance towards a program that highlights and strengthens the need for variety and multiculturalism in the classroom atmosphere. For example, white migrant individuals were integrated within the Americas due to integrated training on the variances’ nature and the magnificence of diversity in ethnic environments. Correspondingly, people of color may be acknowledged in the United States when kids and learners can be trained on the significance of inclusivity. There’s overwhelming indication that multi-ethnic tutelage is predominantly effectual in reconfiguring the opinions of white learners and have the mandatory effect on learners. Improved cross-cultural training with the correct form of exposure may prove radical in clearing the American society of racism concerns and oppression. This resolution aims at emphasizing on personal preconception instead of organizational racism.


The structure of discrimination and related chauvinisms is generally engrained and entails generationally diffused material dispossession and discrepancies, institutional preparations and norms, and negative mental outcomes for the troubled and despots. Discrimination patterns may be shaped by effects at numerous diverse levels, and the particular aspects are frequently problematic to monitor. Improved cross-cultural training with the correct form of exposure may be radical in clearing the American society of racism concerns and oppression. As a result, the advent of a fresh global moral order progressively offers a point of leverage to counteract the impacts of discrimination and oppression.

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