Correctional facilities and re-entry of prisoners

After an inmate has served their prison ssentence, their return back to society may come with several challenges. Persons with criminal credentials frequently experience challenges locating and sustaining dynamic jobs, finding a place to live, and perhaps the primary test of all would be regaining custody of their kids. Various programs, for instance, vocational training, might not be readily available once freed from jail. This may place tentative limitations on the ability of individuals that have a criminal history to review job skills required in order for them to be productively engaged. Most prisoners are likely to suffer from psychological and physical ailments with restricted means to get the preferred treatment required. The concerns within themselves add more pressure together with the problems endured beyond the social stigma they experienced during their stay in the prisons.

While imprisoned, the convicts are exposed to numerous forms of violent behaviour. They may have experienced challenging situations that include rape, assault, aggravation, cruel and unusual castigation, physical abuse, direct or indirect participation in other convicts’ death and perhaps become blemished for life. Freedom and reintegration in the community is undoubtedly an extravagance that few see. According to Paterline and Orr (2016),prisoners are known to experience an aspect known as prisonization. Prisonization is described as the prisoner’s integration into the current prison culture by accepting its language, sexual codes, and behaviour standards. Due to prisonization, individuals that become imprisoned for prolonged periods will be the least expected to transform after being integrated into society.  Offenders fail to acclimatize to life outside the prison precincts. Most offenders have not obtained the appropriate training and are not ready to reintegrate into an active community.

Government bodies such as Mental Health Chemical Abuse and Dependency Services and The Department of Community and Human Services state that an ex-convict’s successful reintegration includes a job, family members’ support, economic constancy, mental stabilization, and active involvement in a substance abuse program. The development of positive goals is vital with the rehabilitation of recently liberated prisoners. One of the most significant goals to quickly achieve upon release from prison would be employment. Quickly obtaining a job may diminish the rate of recidivism ex-convicts experience, but doing so and keeping the job may be problematic (Rakes Prost & Tripodi, 2018) job mentorship and training programs have helped unconfined criminals learn an innovative trade and attune to the existing abilities that have improved over the years during the period in prison. Assisting ex-convicts access programs that are geared towards getting employment would guarantee an effective re-entry into the community.

Prisoners face numerous obstacles regarding their successful reintegration into the community. Foremost, the biggest challenge involves the community’s lack of resources and education for individuals being acquitted from prison. The age bracket ranges from youthful delinquents to adults. According to Brunton-Smith and McCarthy (2017), the longer an individual spends in prison, the more challenging it is to be reintegrated into society. The convicted individuals get entrenched into the prison system, whilst the outside world keeps progressing forward in regards to time and technology. On the other hand, the prison system remains in a similar setup, excluding the technology integrated into monitoring the prisoners.

Most of the complications are closely linked to ex-offenders not being ready to re-join society. The challenges they face after being released from jail may be projected and may be planned for. Numerous programs have already been set in place in an effort to support and make the changeover a lot easier. The corrections structure has incorporated multiple measures to prepare the criminal for re-entry. For instance, correctional therapy, instructive and vocational programs. Work release plans let prisoners be released for the entire day to partake in various tasks.  It is vital to allow inmates to exit the facility for vocational or educational teaching on employment or preserve family ties (Treitler & Angell, 2020). Additional accommodating programs include private prison enterprise, post-release programs, and rehabilitation. The programs all have comparable characteristics that make them fruitful, for instance, incorporating interpersonal abilities, individual therapy, social modification methods, mental behavioural therapy, and merging in-prison therapeutic groups with follow up community management.

The society may be of great help and may have a significant impact on ex-offenders in their change. Family plays a significant role in backing the evolution of an ex-convict into the community. Since family offers robust social support, the possibility of the ex-cons engaging in crime drops considerably. The concept of love and backing alone drives incentive and firm resolve through their mind, decreasing the margin error.  While family backing is vital, being employed is also helpful. Parolees with a good service record prior to being imprisoned have an increased likelihood of locating jobs and avoiding recidivating. According to Duwe (2017), even though most individuals consider ex-offenders as precarious and deceitful, most reject the stereotypes. Moreover, most believe that they would be eager to work and partner with individuals who had recently incarcerated.


The offender’s reintegration into the society is conceivable with the correct form of assistance. Devoid of the incorporation of programs presented by the correction facilities and the community, ex-offenders are more expected to engage in crime or be accused of other delinquencies attributed to lack of resources to assist them. Ex-offenders are likely to lash out and harm individuals around them. In most cases, shock imprisonment appears like a viable option for young criminals that have been through bad patches in their lives.  Regardless of how the community perceives an ex-con, it is up to society to alter the convicts’ appearance.

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