Study Skills For Higher Education
This essay will elaborate on Howard Gardner’s theory of intelligence. This context will also highlight the different types of intelligence and how it actually works. The essay report will also discuss the eight different types of intelligence according to Gardner’s theory. This essay will also explain each type of intelligence and how it influences someone’s character. It will also explain how the different types of intelligence help an individual choose their career option as well. Furthermore, this essay will describe how this individual intelligence helps the teacher to teach the student according to their preferred methods.
Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence showed that intelligence level is not an inborn thing; rather, it will develop according to the adoption power of individuals, and it also explained how a single type of intelligence helps students in their future careers. Gardner introduced different eight types of intelligence consisting of verbal or linguistic, mathematical or logical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinaesthetic, interpersonal and naturalist.
Visual intelligence acquired people have strong visual power and are also good at visualising things very easily. With the help of this intelligence, people easily capture the things of learnings faster compared to others. This type of people often prefers visual learning with the help of graphs, charts, maps, videos, PPT presentations etc. People who have visual intelligence enjoy reading things visually and also write important notes on the lessons they understood visually (Garmen et al.,2019). They like to study graphs, charts, and pictures to understand things very easily. People with visual intelligence are also very good at paintings, drawings and visual arts as well. They prefer to make different things with their visual power. They are also very much inclined to solve puzzles with their friends. People having good visual power have good career options in engineering, architecture and artistic fields (Marenus, 2020). Verbal intelligence inherited people have well-spoken power as well writing power. They are good at writing stories and memorising the information as well. These types of people also get a thrill from reading stories, novels and recitation. This type of intelligence helps people to build up strong communication skills, which helps them in their future careers. They can easily explain their words very clearly. These types of people enjoy reading storybooks and writing as well. They can easily participate in debate programs and also deliver the good speech as well. With the help of these abilities, they can easily explain their thoughts very well (Attamimi et al.,2019). They also have a good sense of humour while elaborating on stories. With the help of this intelligence, people can easily build their careers as a lawyer, writers, teachers and journalists. Logical or mathematical intelligence acquired people are good at solving mathematical problems, and they are also good at logical reasoning. These people can think about numbers, sequences, relationships and logical patterns as well very easily. They can easily perform well in solving complex mathematical questions and logical solutions by using their logical intelligence. People who carry good logical sense can easily solve complex computations. They also enjoy thinking the abstract ideas for different things. People who have this logical intelligence also like to perform scientific experiments. People with this intelligence can easily build their careers as scientists, mathematicians, computer programmers, engineers and accountants (Serpes, 2019). Bodily and kinesthetics intelligence haired people are good at understanding the body movements and performing the actions accordingly. They are very good at understanding hand-eye coordination and also easily understand the physical movements. These types of people are very skilled at dancing and sports. These types of people are very good at physical co-ordinations. They easily understand the body language and physical movements as well. People who have these types of intelligence always prefer doing things rather than listening or visualising. People with these types of intelligence can easily build their career opportunities as a dancer, actors, bodybuilders and sportsmen as well (Kurt, 2021).
Musical intelligence inherited people are very good at thinking process of rhythms, sounds and music. They have good musical power in their voice as well. People with this intelligence are very good at musical compositions and performances. This kind of people has good musical sense and knowledges of musical instruments as well. They enjoy listening music, singing and playing musical instruments. This kind of peoples can easily remember the musical notes and rhythms and like to perform the song. People with musical intelligence also found easiness in understanding the musical notes and singing techniques. They have good career options as a singer, composer, musician, music coordinator and music teacher (Giles, 2019).
Interpersonal intelligence acquired people have the excellent power in understanding the people and interacting with them accordingly. These types of people are very expert in understanding the emotions, intentions, motivations and desires of the people. They can easily understand someone’s feelings and also act accordingly. This kind of people are easily communicated with other verbally and they are also good at nonverbal communications as well. With the help of these types of intelligence people and easily think the situation from multiple perspectives. They have the power to resolve the conflict in team or group settings. They can easily build a good positive relationship with peoples with their intellectual communications skills. These types of people have good career options as a psychologist, philosopher, politician and counsellor as well (PARRY, 2018). Intrapersonal intelligence heired peoples who are good at being conscious about their own emotions, feelings and motivation. They are like to enjoy self-analysis including the explore the self-strengths, weaknesses. This kind of people are very self-aware and always try to analyse themselves for betterment. They can easily understand things according to their feelings and emotions. They are also good at analysing the theories and ideas with their own perceptions. They are also very conscious about their strengths and weaknesses. With the help of these intelligence peoples are easily build their career as a theorist, writer and philosopher. Naturalistic Intelligence is the recent addition to the Gardener’s theory of intelligence. Naturalistic intelligence inherited people who are more involve in nature and also act according to the changes of nature. They are also like to explore the environments, natures and as well as the other natural species. These kinds of peoples are highly aware of the small changes in nature. These types of people are more interested in the subjects like botany, zoology and biology. They are also enjoying the gardening, outdoor campaigning and exploring outdoors. They do not prefer the learnings topics which have no connection with the nature. This kind of people can build good career as a botanist, biologist, gardener and farmer as well (Martin, 2018).
Teaching methods According to the theory of intelligence, teachers follow the different types of techniques for different types of students. This teaching methods helps the student to understand their lesson of learnings very well. Teachers are able to delivered their thoughts to the student with help of this techniques. Linguistic intelligence acquired people are strong in verbal communication and also good at reading writing and speaking ability. Teachers are required to ask their student to read the study material and write down the notes of their own words because these types of students are very good on speaking and writing story. Teachers can easily instruct the student to write speech and notes. Teachers also recommends students to participates in debate competitions. Teachers also motivates these types of students to deliver speech on their own idea which helps to increase the verbal ability of the students. Using these intelligence students can easily read and catch the notes provided by teachers and create their own study material in their different own words ( Cicalò,2020).Logical and mathematical intelligence inherited people are good at solving the complex mathematical problems and logical reasoning. Teachers suggest their student to practice more mathematical problems and logical reasoning. Teachers also recommends their students to solve puzzle which will increase the intelligence level of the student. Teachers motivates their student to build up the problem-solving skills with the help of these intelligence within them. Teachers suggest puzzle solving to increase the student’s intelligence power. These types of students are more interested in participating the scientific experiments. So, teachers should encourage those students for the participating in the science fare. Teacher also motivates these types of students for build a good career as a computer programmer, mathematician, scientist and accountant.
Bodily and kinesthetics intelligence heired people are at good at understanding the body languages and act accordingly. These people are expert in dancing performances, body building and sports as well. These types of students easily understands the body languages rather than visual languages. Teacher should recommend these types of students for dancing performance, body building and sports activities as well. With the helm of these intelligence students also able to construct sculptures. Teachers should motivate those types of students in dancing, sports activities and body building for their future career (Coroiu ,2018).Visual intelligence acquired people have good visual observation and expert in understand the very easily by the visual representation. These types of students are advised to learn the things from pictures, graphs, charts, and the PPT presentation. Student can easily capture the learning outcomes by taking spot notes from the visual presentation in the class. Students are preferring more colourful presentations, pictures and tables which helps them in remembering the study material. Teachers should follow these methods for these types of students which help them for their studies. With the help of this study techniques teachers can easily deliver the learning materials and also the student can easily understand their learning materials. Teachers should suggest the students to make their own class notes from the visual presentation which will helps in future studies and better academic results. These types of people are good at drawings, paintings and visual arts. Teachers should encourage these students for their creative art activities which will helps them in future career.
Musical intelligence inherited people are good musical sense and also have good vocal qualities. Musical sense is a god gifted things. There are few students who have good rhythmic sense of musical instruments and as well as sing very well. Teachers should encourage those students for enhancing their performances. Students who have these types of intelligence can easily helps students to remembering the musical notes very easily. Teachers should suggest the students for their practice in music. Teacher should also focus on the student’s performance for enhancing the musical knowledge. Teacher should guide the student for build their career as a singer, musician, music composer. Interpersonal intelligence acquired people have great knowledge of understanding the people’s emotions, feelings, intentions and also communicating with the people accordingly. These types of students are usually spoken very well and also good in understanding the teacher’s body languages. These types of students have good observation power and they can easily understand someone’s feelings. Teacher should motivate these students to perform in group discussion and sometimes force them to teach the class which will helps to increase their understanding power of the classmates. Teacher should encourage these students to interact with more people verbally and also through chatting. Intrapersonal intelligence heired peoples who are very self-conscious about their strengths and weakness. These types of students are very much aware of their own emotions, feelings and motivations. Teachers should give the assignment that challenge them to relate a connection between their own experiences and the class study materials. Teachers should encourage these students to find their own learning styles for their betterment. Naturalistic intelligence heired people who are more involve in nature and also like to study which is related to the nature. Thesze types of people prefers gardening and also love to deals with living species. Teacher should suggest these students for practical works, gardening and outdoor champagning which helps to increase their interest about the study material. Teachers should also motivate them to build their career as a biologist, botanist, farmer, zoologist etc.
The about context has discuss about the Howard gardener’s theory of intelligence and also elaborate briefly each of the intelligence. Furthermore, this essay has described the eight different types of intelligence and how it reflects on someone’s characters. After that, it has highlighted the teaching techniques according to the student intelligence level. This essay has also explained what are the suitable career option according to the student intelligence level.
Books and journals
Attamimi, M.A. and Umarella, S., (2019). Implementation Of The Theory Multiple Intelligences In Improve Competence Of Learners On The Subjects Of Islamic Religious Education In Smp Negeri 14 Ambon. al-Iltizam: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 4(1), pp.73-103.
Cicalò, E., (2020). Multiple Intelligences. In Graphic Intelligence (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Coroiu, P.M., (2018). The theory of multiple intelligences. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov, Series VIII: Performing Arts, 11(1), pp.25-30.
Garmen, P., Rodriguez, C., Garcia-Redondo, P. and San-Pedro-Veledo, J.C., (2019). Multiple intelligences and video games: Assessment and intervention with TOI software. Comunicar. Media Education Research Journal, 27(1).
Martin, J., (2018). Profiting from multiple intelligences in the workplace. Routledge.