Designing a research project is an essential step in the process. Dannels (2018) mentions that a research design is like a glue that puts all research elements together. The design phase is about laying out what you want to do and how you want to do it. This is where you decide what the project is about, who are your audience members, and how the study will be conducted. The design phase also includes ethical questions that need to be addressed and how data will be collected and analyzed. A research design is generally like a path where researchers conduct their research (Sileyew, 2019). Without this step, there would be no way of knowing if your study was a success or failure; thus, this assignment will discuss why a research design is so critical for the success of a study.
Research design is like 90% of the research process. Research design encompasses all aspects of how data will be collected from participants, including but not limited to procedures, questions asked, and data analysis methods. These components must work together to accurately depict how phenomena are represented by people surveyed or studied in experiments. According to Gambi & Sheridan (2020), different research designs have varying effects on a study, illustrating the essence of choosing a proper research design for a survey. Thus, the research design is critical to the study’s success because it contributes to the success of the methods and procedures used in the research.
The first step in designing a research study is determining what the exact problem or questions need to be answered. This indicates that the researcher must have sufficient knowledge about the research topic. Otherwise, it would be impossible to form research questions and hypotheses properly. Besides, weaknesses in the research design handicap the entire study (Sovacool et al., 2018). This in-depth knowledge is crucial because it advances the ability to research the area without ending up with too many questions that cannot be answered or too many hypotheses that cannot be tested, which would decrease efficiency. Therefore, illustrating the essence of a proper research design in any study.
Dannels, S. A. (2018). Research design. The reviewer’s guide to quantitative methods in the
social sciences (pp. 402-416). Routledge.
Gambi, L., & Sheridan, S. (2020). Family Homelessness in Ireland: The Importance of Research
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Sileyew, K. J. (2019). Research design and methodology. In Cyberspace (pp. 1-12). Rijeka:
Sovacool, B. K., Axsen, J., & Sorrell, S. (2018). Promoting novelty, rigor, and style in energy
social science: Towards codes of practice for appropriate methods and research design. Energy Research & Social Science, 45, 12-42.