Parenting styles

Table of Contents

Parenting styles

Parents have the liberty to choose the way they want to bring up their children, and often these styles vary from one parent to the other. There are four styles that parents can use to raise their children depending on their preferences, education, personal temperaments, beliefs, religion, etc. These parenting styles have different impacts on children depending on the parent’s designed parenting style. The four parenting styles include authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved styles.

Authoritarian parenting is an excessively strict parenting method. Here, parents place high expectations on their children, who have minimal responsiveness. This parenting style focuses more on compliance, authority, and control over nurturing your offspring. Parents more often give punishments to their children when they do wrong instead of just disciplining them. The punishment’s sole purpose is to make the child feel guilty for their bad actions. (Jadon, P. S., et al .2017)This makes children more gullible to following rules but with a price.

The authoritative parenting style has parents who are more involved with their children. Parents that care about their children are sensitive to them and nurturing while also implementing strict boundaries on their children. (Klein, H. A.,et al 2001) Parents try to make their children disciplined by providing them with rules and having conversations using logic. They take a child’s view into consideration, but it doesn’t mean they have to agree with it all the time. The child’s emotions on a subject are validated while making sure they understand that it is the adult’s decision is final. Parents are invested in working with their children to prevent problematic behaviour before they start acting them out. This style is very effective in kids because the children grow up understanding the reasons why not to do some things. Therefore, they will always follow the thing their parents taught them when they were young. (Nyarko, K. 2011). This increases the success and happiness rate of children raised with this style because they feel confident in everything they do and will always avoid problematic actions as taught by their parents.

The permissive parenting style has two traits to follow, which are being warm and nurturing toward the children. This style is great for children because it provides children with more liberty to do whatever they want, but it is problematic because parents often feel reluctant to give their children limitations. Permissive parents rarely use control over their children but are involved with their children emotionally, are responsive to their children, and are not at all demanding of their children. (Mowen, T. J. et al. 2018) The disadvantage to this style of parenting is that children raised this way have less awareness of the limitations of their behaviours. Due to a lack of firm direction, these children are more likely to show worse self-control and have more behavioural difficulties. An uninvolved parenting style is where parents involved are neglectful of their duties towards their children. (Darling, N. 1999). Parents are unresponsive to the needs of their children and mostly make very little or no demands of their offspring and are frequently indifferent, contemptuous, or even wholly uncaring.

Parents use different parenting styles to raise their children according to their preferences. The authoritarian style provides strict rules for children to follow and fail to dos, so children are punished for making them feel guilty for what they have done. Authoritative parenting, on the other hand, enforces the authority of parents on children. Children are taken care of emotionally by their families with rules in place. This ensures a child’s discipline and emotional well-being that contributes to the overall –performance of the child. Permissive parenting allows children to do whatever they want. Ir, however, is reluctant to make limitations which is crucial for behavioural control. Uninvolved parenting is the complete absence of exercise of power and control over a child. Here children are left to fend for themselves, which may lead to the development of bad behaviours in society. Parents should therefore use parenting styles that they deem workable in producing positive results in their children.



Darling, N. (1999). Parenting Style and Its Correlates. ERIC Digest.

Jadon, P. S., & Tripathi, S. (2017). Effect of Authoritarian Parenting style on the self-esteem of the Child: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Advanced Research and Innovative Ideas, 3, 909-913.

Klein, H. A., & Ballantine, J. (2001). For parents particularly: Raising competent kids: The authoritative parenting style. Childhood Education, 78(1), 46-47.

Mowen, T. J., & Schroeder, R. D. (2018). Maternal parenting style and delinquency by race and the moderating effect of structural disadvantage. Youth & Society, 50(2), 139-159.

Nyarko, K. (2011). The influence of authoritative parenting style on adolescents’ academic achievement. American journal of social and management sciences, 2(3), 278-282.

Turnbull, A. P., Turnbull, H. R., Wehmeyer, M. L., & Shogren, K. A. (2020). Exceptional Lives: Practice, Progress, & Dignity in Today’s Schools. Pearson Education, Incorporated.


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