Findings of a Qualitative Study
Findings of a Qualitative Study
Azami, G., Soh, K. L., Sazlina, S. G., Salmiah, M., Aazami, S., Mozafari, M., & Taghinejad, H. (2018). Effect of a nurse-led diabetes self-management education program on glycosylated hemoglobin among adults with type 2 diabetes. Journal of diabetes research, 2018.
What experience, situation, or subculture does the researcher seek to understand?
The researcher seeks to understand the effect of a nurse-led diabetes self-management education program on glycosylated hemoglobin among adults with type 2 diabetes.
Does the researcher want to produce a description of an experience, a social process, or an event, or is the goal to generate a theory?
The researcher wants to describe a social process that describes a nurse-led diabetes self-management education program on effective management of diabetes type 2 with other comorbidities (hypertension) among adults living with type 2 diabetes.
How was data collected?
The data was collected through laboratory measures, questionnaires, statistical analysis, clinical measures, subjective measures, psychosocial variables experiments, controlled observation, interviews, and sampling.
How did the researcher control their biases and preconceptions?
The researcher controlled his biases and preconceptions by reviewing the results with his peers, verifying the findings with more data sources, using many people to code data, and looking for alternative explanations.
Are specific pieces of data (e.g., direct quotes) and more generalized statements (themes, theories) included in the report?
There is a more generalized statement like usual care; research interventions were included in the reports in the report.
What are the main findings of the study?
The main findings in the study are that for the 142 participants, a single-center nurse-led diabetes self-management education program offered sustained benefits in clinical and lifestyle outcomes at 24 weeks. Therefore, self-efficacy has been shown to improve longer-term health outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and other comorbidities. Moreover, the research findings showed that healthcare providers (nurses) could achieve behavior changes by enhancing intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy.
Is the study published in a source
that required peer review? Yes Now Not clear
Were the methods used appropriately
for the study purpose? Yes Now Not clear
Was the sampling of observations or
interviews relevant and varied
enough to serve the purpose of the study? Yes Now Not clear
*Were data collection methods
effective in obtaining in-depth data? Yes Now Not clear
Did the data collection methods
avoid the possibility of oversight,
overrepresentation from certain
types of sources? Yes Now Not clear
Were data collection and analysis
intermingled dynamically? Yes Now Not clear
*Is the data presented in ways that
vividly portray what was
experienced or happened and its
context? Yes Now Not clear
*Does the data provided justify
generalized statements, themes,
or theory? Yes Now Not clear
Are the findings credible? Yes All Yes Some No
*Are the findings rich and informative? Yes Now Not clear
*Is the perspective provided
potentially useful in providing
insight, support, or guidance
for assessing patient status
or progress? Yes Some Now Not clear
Are the findings
clinically significant? Yes All Yes Some No
* = Important criteria
The study was well structured, the writing was argumentative and concise, and the ideas were well presented. The study’s literature review was comprehensive and managed to discuss the views of the research in-depth. Equally important, the researchers did a commendable referencing of theoretical and applied aspects. The methods used to collect data were adequate, and the researchers did a good job discussing the study population, sample size, and sampling method. Finally, the data analysis section excellently brought up conclusive results.