Findings of a Qualitative Study

Findings of a Qualitative Study


Azami, G., Soh, K. L., Sazlina, S. G., Salmiah, M., Aazami, S., Mozafari, M., & Taghinejad, H. (2018). Effect of a nurse-led diabetes self-management education program on glycosylated hemoglobin among adults with type 2 diabetes. Journal of diabetes research, 2018.


What experience, situation, or subculture does the researcher seek to understand?

The researcher seeks to understand the effect of a nurse-led diabetes self-management education program on glycosylated hemoglobin among adults with type 2 diabetes.

Does the researcher want to produce a description of an experience, a social process, or an event, or is the goal to generate a theory?

The researcher wants to describe a social process that describes a nurse-led diabetes self-management education program on effective management of diabetes type 2 with other comorbidities (hypertension) among adults living with type 2 diabetes.

How was data collected?

The data was collected through laboratory measures, questionnaires, statistical analysis,  clinical measures, subjective measures, psychosocial variables experiments, controlled observation, interviews, and sampling.

How did the researcher control their biases and preconceptions?

The researcher controlled his biases and preconceptions by reviewing the results with his peers, verifying the findings with more data sources, using many people to code data, and looking for alternative explanations.

Are specific pieces of data (e.g., direct quotes) and more generalized statements (themes, theories) included in the report?

There is a more generalized statement like usual care; research interventions were included in the reports in the report.

What are the main findings of the study?

The main findings in the study are that for the 142 participants, a single-center nurse-led diabetes self-management education program offered sustained benefits in clinical and lifestyle outcomes at 24 weeks. Therefore, self-efficacy has been shown to improve longer-term health outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and other comorbidities. Moreover, the research findings showed that healthcare providers (nurses) could achieve behavior changes by enhancing intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy.


Is the study published in a source

that required peer review?                                                Yes     Now Not clear

Were the methods used appropriately

for the study purpose?                                                      Yes     Now Not clear

Was the sampling of observations or

interviews relevant and varied

enough to serve the purpose of the study?                       Yes     Now Not clear

*Were data collection methods

effective in obtaining in-depth data?                               Yes     Now Not clear

Did the data collection methods

avoid the possibility of oversight,

underrepresentation, or

overrepresentation from certain

types of sources?                                                              Yes     Now Not clear

Were data collection and analysis

intermingled dynamically?                                               Yes     Now Not clear

*Is the data presented in ways that

vividly portray what was

experienced or happened and its

context?                                                                            Yes     Now Not clear

*Does the data provided justify

generalized statements, themes,

or theory?                                                                         Yes     Now Not clear

Are the findings credible?                           Yes All   Yes Some   No

Clinical Significance

*Are the findings rich and informative?                          Yes     Now Not clear

*Is the perspective provided

potentially useful in providing

insight, support, or guidance

for assessing patient status

or progress?                                                                      Yes   Some   Now Not clear

Are the findings

clinically significant?                                  Yes All   Yes Some   No

* = Important criteria


The study was well structured, the writing was argumentative and concise, and the ideas were well presented. The study’s literature review was comprehensive and managed to discuss the views of the research in-depth. Equally important, the researchers did a commendable referencing of theoretical and applied aspects. The methods used to collect data were adequate, and the researchers did a good job discussing the study population, sample size, and sampling method. Finally, the data analysis section excellently brought up conclusive results.


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