The African continent has few developed and many developing countries. At the onset of independence, Africans have mega hope in improving the academic, social, and political aspects. They hoped for the overall development of the lives of the people. The story encompassed all aspects of infrastructure, health, and political fields. These expectations were to better their lives through technological advancement for efficient agricultural processes, the backbone of Africa’s economy.
There have been various developments in contemporary Africa in achieving Kwame’s dream of making the continent a paradise. There are numerous developments in all sectors of social life. Over 27 political changes have transpired in the African crust since 2015, showing the continent’s desire for more transparency and democracy. Countries like Ghana, Botswana, Namibia, and Cape Verde are among the most politically peaceful and democratic countries globally (Soyapi, 2020). These nations, and emerging governments across Africa, provide hope to foreign partners that such a continent might achieve stability.
In contemporary Africa, democracy has improved by a more significant margin. Throughout the last generation, seventy-two percent of Africa’s population in thirty-four countries have enhanced their administration performance, with notable gains in involvement, legal system, and liberties, among other areas (Cheeseman, 2018). Many countries have improved their openness and integrity in the last five years.
The year 2019 was the best for catering to the refugees and the internally displaced people in the African continent by the African Union. This agreement on the need for African-led responses to involuntary relocation reflects the continent’s trying to solve migratory problems. Africa continues to host the world’s most significant population of refugees; Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia are home to over two million eight hundred thousand refugees. Given their limited resources, their administrations have responded promptly and effectively to the flood of refugees fleeing from adjacent countries.
There have been notable advancements in medication in the continent for the last few decades. Child and mother deaths are reducing significantly, and the prevalence of chronic starvation among kids under five has fallen by nearly 10% since 1995. The majority of countries have made significant progress in preventing preventable pediatric illnesses and contagious infections. Even though HIV/AIDS and plasmodium continue to have a pervasive negative impact on Africans, therapeutic options are advancing. Life spans and reasonable survival rates are increasing across the region.
Africa is characterized by misery and poverty. Over the years, the poverty level has tremendously reduced. For example, by 2050, a country like Ethiopia is expecting to eradicate poverty. However, because of the characterized misery in 2040, Nigeria and Dr. Congo are expected to house 40% of Africa’s abysmal—the next task will be lowering torment in all nations.
The nonmonetary aspects of impoverishment have also improved. Many countries, Africa’s underprivileged, are already on course to meet the United Nations sustainable development goals. The population of African kids in primary education has risen from sixty million to over fifty million since 2000 (Ezeanya, 2019 ). Accelerated learning rates have increased by about 10% since 1995, while the reading gap between men and women is diminishing. If African nations are to make significant economic, geopolitical, and cultural gains, they will strike a balance in all aspects, even in professionalism. Africa is promoting gender balance. Compared to the West, women hold about third leadership positions in more than ten African nations (Quisumbing, 2019). African leaders have begun to appreciate the importance and vitality of women in governance.
Africa has improved its strategies to curb the adverse effects of hunger and famine. In times of peace, these programs help alleviate food insecurity (Waha et al., 2018). Food security plans usually include five essential components: collection, monitoring; forecasting; and distribution of long-term manufacturing. Storing aside a quantity of foodstuff for crisis requirements in crop loss is known as stockpiling (Chan et a., 2019). Food stocks must be cycled for conservation and sheltered from pests, predominantly in locations where food shortages are most likely. For instance, Kenya’s goal is to store six months’ worth of meals for these remote places.
A variety of monitoring devices are now in use. USAID funds the FEWS, which monitors food shortages using elevated and local expertise. There is the employment of Infrared technology that involves photorealistic rendering identification of chlorophyll synthesis in vegetation and predicting future famine.
Africa is a global leader in environmental conservation. A large part of Africa has retained a staunch conservationist stance, particularly when it comes to safeguarding its species in conservation areas. In protected areas, the vegetation cover amounts to more than fifteen percent of part of the world’s total plant cover, then large portions of the land surface in Tanzania, Kenya, Zambia, and Botswana. A range of new utilizations tactics is being used on the continent to complement this conserving approach. Game ranching has progressed from an innovative wildlife framework to a widely accepted and successful method.
There is various technological and medical technological advancement in Africa. The aspect has been through a continued interest in information technology and higher prestige in education. Small marsh vessels, sails, and more prominent buildings with multiple rooms and heating amenities were developed by early African humanities—some country’s large ships that could support heavy loads. Atlantic tides run from Western Africa to Southern America. Minor groups of West Africans trekked to the southeast. They inhabited the region as per the genetic evidence from flora and fauna as it is supported by art and art among tribes still in the period.
Various technological advancements in contemporary Africa revolve around money transactions and networking. For the repatriation industry, it has proven a game-changing invention. It has abolished the necessity for savings accounts, bank fees, and the inconvenient requirement of having money delivered to the village by a mass transportation operator. The most critical aspect of M-pesa serves as a reminder to produce permanent and helpful solutions to current problems, and you must first understand your environment (Radwan and Sakr, 2018). EACOM is a well-known undersea cable company. They’ve created a fantastic chance to improve Internet connectivity across Africa. Seacom, likewise M-pesa, has opened doors to previously inaccessible locations.
Africa is at the forefront of enhancing the necessary betterment of life for its people. With time and the available resources, more and more adults and children will be literate (Alemu, 2018). Good governing policies are still reduced frequently and are adopting the fairness of gender equality, a condition that is rare in the western world.
Alemu, S. K. (2018). The Meaning, Idea, and History of University/Higher Education in Africa: A Brief Literature Review. In FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education (Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 210-227). Lehigh University Library and Technology Services. 8A East Packer Avenue, Fairchild Martindale Library Room 514, Bethlehem, PA 18015.
Chan, C. Y., Tran, N., Pethiyagoda, S., Crissman, C. C., Sulser, T. B., & Phillips, M. J. (2019). Prospects and challenges of fish for food security in Africa. Global food security, 20, 17-25.
Cheeseman, N. (Ed.). (2018). Institutions and democracy in Africa. Cambridge University Press.
Ezeanya-Esiobu, C. (2019). Indigenous knowledge and education in Africa (p. 115). Springer Nature.
Quisumbing, A., Meinzen-Dick, R. S., & Njuki, J. (2019). 2019 Annual trends and outlook report: Gender equality in rural Africa: From commitments to outcomes. Intl Food Policy Res Inst.
Radwan, A., & Sakr, M. (2018). Exploring ‘brain circulation as a concept to mitigate brain drain in Africa and improve EU–Africa cooperation in science and technology. South African Journal of International Affairs, 25(4), 517-529.
Soyapi, C. B. (2020). A Multijurisdictional Assessment of the Judiciary’s Role in Advancing Environmental Protection in Africa. Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 12(2), 307-332.
Waha, K., Van Wijk, M. T., Fritz, S., See, L., Thornton, P. K., Wichern, J., & Herrero, M. (2018). Agricultural diversification is an essential strategy for achieving food security in Africa. Global change biology, 24(8), 3390-3400.