WRIT1001: Writing and rhetoric – academic essays

WRIT1001: Writing and rhetoric – academic essays

Short Writing Task 3: Outline

Semester 1, 2022


850 words, including Quotes/References (340 words)


My argument entails a refutation that Fukushima nuclear meltdown is the leading cause of global debate on nuclear energy. The discussion focuses on the idea that the nuclear meltdown might be phased out; hence, Bob Perciasepe prompted the plan to advance nuclear reactors technology. This argument could spark international attention to nuclear energy presented to scholars and technology experts due to the effects promoted by nuclear reactors. I look forward to raising an agenda on the issue to help maintain energy levels within the globe.



INTRODUCTION: Nuclear power plants are essential in the contemporary world as well as the future due to their impacts on the energy sectors

Exordium: Since the Fukushima nuclear plant accident, Japan has heavily relied on coal for energy, threatening nuclear power globally.

  • Narratio: According to Perciasepe, minimizing carbon emissions can greatly influence greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by mid-century through concentration on nuclear energy.
  • Partitio (method): This paper explains how nations can use nuclear energy to improve the energy sector without embracing carbon energy concerning the Fukushima nuclear plant.
  • Partitio (thesis statement, CLAIM because REASON): The Fukushima nuclear plant presented a significant blow to the nuclear energy sector, which almost led to its shut down, but the Japanese government should revive it due to its significance in the world’s future

PARAGRAPH 1: Rhetoric aspect of Jaczko regarding the Effects of  nuclear power in Japan

  • Narratio: According to Jaczko, after the Fukushima nuclear accident, the country’s energy levels significantly declined by 30%, leading to more carbon emissions in the country, which is not healthy.
  • Confirmation: The accident is significant in the modern world since it led to scholars studying the importance of nuclear energy concerning climate change.
    • Jenny Edbauer’s rhetorical ecology: “Rhetorical ecologies are co-ordinating processes moving across the same social field and within shared structures of feeling” (2005, p. 20).
  • Is nuclear energy the only energy source able to protect against climate change?

PARAGRAPH 2: Rhetorical information regarding decontamination caused by the Fukushima Accident

Refutatio: Earlier study has identified symbolic gestures, attention to core values identification, and comprehension as essential rhetorical features in the late crisis stage of community revival and rebuilding.

Confirmation: If the accident involves rhetorical aspects in the messages presented by concerned parties, it proves that the accidents have impacted most people and organizations regarding nuclear energy and climate; hence its study is essential.

PARAGRAPH 3: Nuclear Plants are safe – A rhetoric suggestion

  • Refutatio: The water breached the defense sea wall, flooding the facility and shutting out the emergency generators shortly after a tsunami over 46 feet high hit Fukushima. See
    • BBC News: “There were no deaths immediately during the nuclear disaster. At least 16 workers were injured in the explosions, while dozens more were exposed to radiation as they worked to cool the reactors and stabilize the plant.” (2021).
  • Given that the nuclear plant was big enough to sustain Japan’s energy and led to no death during the accident, concentration on nuclear power might be the best investment in climate for the future.


CONCLUSION (peroratio): Benefits of nuclear energy

  • Brief summary: The Fukushima nuclear plant accident motivates a global discussion on nuclear power concerning climate change and how to improve the future climate.
  • Call to action: My argument aims to motivate the use of nuclear energy to help reduce carbon emissions to combat global warming and improve the future climate.


Booth, W. (2004). The rhetoric of rhetoric: the quest for effective communication. Blackwell.

Capaldi, N. (1971). The Art of Deception: An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books.

Donahue, D.M. (2014). Learning from Harvey Milk: The Limits and Opportunities of One Hero to Teach About LGBTQ People and Issues. Social Studies 105(1), pp. 36–44.

Duffy, J. (2020). Toward a Common Tongue: Rhetorical Virtues in the Writing Classroom. In J. Duffy, and L. Agnew, After Plato: rhetoric, ethics, and the teaching of writing (pp. 213-226). Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press.

Edbauer, J. (2005). Unframing models of public distribution: From rhetorical situation to rhetorical ecologies. Rhetoric Society Quarterly, 35(4), 5–24.

Frank, G. (2013). ‘The Civil Rights of Parents’: Race and Conservative Politics in Anita Bryant’s Campaign Against Gay Rights in 1970s Florida. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 22(1), pp. 126–160.

Kearney, J. (2016). Rogerian Principles and the Writing Classroom: A History of Intention and (Mis)Interpretation. Rhetoric Review, 35(4), 167–184.

Milk, H. (2013). An archive of hope: Harvey Milk’s speeches and writings, Jason Edward Black and Charles E. Morris (Eds.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Minot, W.S. (1981). A Rhetorical View of Fallacies: Ad Hominem and Ad Populum. Rhetoric Society Quarterly, 11(4), 222-235.

Robinson, F.M. (2013). Foreword. In J.E. Black and C.E. Morris (Eds.), An archive of hope: Harvey Milk’s speeches and writings (pp. xvii – xxiii). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Tomlinson, B. (2013). To Tell the Truth and Not Get Trapped: Desire, Distance, and Intersectionality at the Scene of Argument. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 38(4), 993–1017.

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