Infections and Illnesses


An illness or a disease is a condition taking place for a given period. Infections usually affect the normal functioning of the body and the mind of a person.  an illness can be approached. Some need counseling, while others need medication. Those that need counseling are usually mental problems, where much guidance is needed to get rid of the thoughts in mind, or to change perception towards something specific. Those that require medication are the illnesses that are psychical, those that bring pain to a person, to get rid of the pain, and to ensure that the body is functioning normally.

Psychosis is a condition where a person’s emotions and thoughts become too impaired. The person loses a lot of things that are important, things like; loss of external/physical sense, and a comprehensive contact to reality. The thoughts of a person who has Psychosis is too imparted that the person finds it hard to differentiate between that which is real, and that which is illusory.

There are various ways people who suffer from Psychosis can be identified because they have a unique way of doing things. Most people who have Psychosis will start hallucinating, others will have delusions, and some may go to the extent of showing behavior that is inappropriate for a given situation and time. It usually starts affecting people at their late teenage, all the way to old age. Chances of small children becoming affected by Psychosis are minimal, unless it is genetic. Symptoms can at first last for a month or less, taking place once or twice. After some period of time, the symptoms can last for up to eight months if they are not controlled early enough.

Although researchers have not come up with the specific causes of Psychosis, a number of researches have been done, and some appropriate causes have been identified, even as the researches going on. It is usually caused when there is an interaction between genetics and environmental factors. The main groupings of the causes of Psychosis include;

  1. Mental illnesses such as Schizophrenia and severe depression.
  2. People who come from a family with a history of Psychosis have a higher chance of developing the condition.
  3. Drug and substance use and abuse are another cause. People who use drugs such as Cocaine, magic mushrooms, and cannabis have a higher chance of getting Psychosis.

Some conditions can also cause Psychosis. Medical conditions such as head injuries, HIV/AIDS, syphilis, stroke, brain tumors, and some types of hormone disorder are among those that generally cause Psychosis. Some researchers have also shown that dopamine can also be a cause of Psychosis.


If action is taken early enough in any infection or illness, chances of getting rid of the condition are very high. But, if those concerned wait until the conditions are severe, they will not get rid of it easily. The same principle applied to Psychosis. Psychosis can be healed if diagnosis, detection, and treatment are made early enough. But, if an action for diagnosis and treatment is not taken early enough, the effects become adverse. The patient might end up not recovering from the condition, no matter how much medication and counseling is offered.

Warnings such as seeing, hearing, and believing in things that do not exist, persistent and unhealthy thoughts of things and beliefs that are not experienced normally, strong or no emotions, withdrawal from family and friends, and a sudden decline in health care should not be ignored.  These are the small things that, with time, grow and make a person get affected to a point where there is too little or no recovery at all.

The ultra-high risk concept deals with defining and identifying young people at a high risk of being infected with the first episode of Psychosis. Treatment at this stage is possible because, despite the people being at risk of developing the first psychosis episode, it is still early. The nest treatment strategies can be put in place to ensure the young people have settled. The UHR patients have a 15% chance of getting the full psychotic disorder in the first 12 months, and the circumstances of the young person being hit by the condition shoot to 36 % in three years. This is most likely to happen if no action is taken to ensure that the person’s heal.

With the introduction of the UHR concept, the people who are most likely to suffer from psychotic disorders are identified.  For instance, individuals with Schizophrenia are the ones who are at a greater risk of having psychotic disorders. With this realization, care can be taken, and it can lead to a successful avoidance and prevention of the condition and a further delay of the first episode of Psychosis.

There are two aims of treating patients with psychotic disorders; the first aim is to manage the existing symptoms of the problem, and the second is to help further prevent psychotic disorders. Various interventions have been put in place to ensure that the condition is well controlled.  The individual has guided off things that could make them get dressed or develop negative thoughts in mind because they might stay in mind for long, and the person might develop complications in the mind, where the psychosis problem starts.

Effective interventions are required to cope with key factors contributing to the emergence of severe health problems, especially mental problems. For example, if sleep problems are treated, it will prevent the onset of Psychosis. Treatment of sleep problems will help solve the problem of depression and psychotic experiences. The results of this are diminished psychotic symptoms and mental wellbeing.

Various treatments have been set aside to deal with the issue of Psychosis for people at ultra-high risk. These treatment methods include; antipsychotic medication, psychological treatment, nutritional supplements, and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Antipsychotic medication

This is a class of drugs used to treat and help people who have Psychosis and many other forms of mental illnesses. Like any other drug, they are effective in treating, but they come with many side effects. Those working on the healthcare system and patients should be aware of the adverse effects, and they should be ready to bear with them if at all they have chosen the part of being administered with the medication. These effects can affect the quality of life. To prevent adverse effects, patients need to change their life. They need to start living healthy and engaging in restorative practices because their bodies need great strength to cope with the medication offered. The doctor and those they live with need to be equipped with a lot of information on healthy living and lifestyle so that they be there to instruct and inform the patients on how they should do their things daily. Things such as regular and effective exercise, withdrawal of unhealthy substances such as smoking and drinking alcohol, and starting to take a healthy diet, such as many fruits and a balanced diet, enough for the body. The patient’s blood sugar, blood pressure, weight, and blood cholesterol need to be recorded regularly to ensure the effects of the drugs are not slowly affecting the patient.

When introducing the therapy to the patient, clinicians can explain the mediation process to the patient. The patient is introduced to the process, told about how it will happen, the length of time required for it to be effective, what they should do, what they should not do, and the expected results. Nurses have the role of ensuring the instructions given are followed fully. They also need to monitor the patients every time, giving them what they need, doing a test on them, and knowing the step that should be taken next on the patients. If the patient is not given medication promptly, there is going to be a generous failure. Drug interaction and dosing must be appropriate.

Psychological treatment

Psychological treatment is another way to go about it. It involves changing the way the mind thinks so that the body can interact with healthy thoughts and reasoning. It requires someone who has specialized in that field to give a patient coaching and to ensure that they have healthy minds, which will, in turn, help them make good decisions so that their bodies can be in good health, thinking and doing healthy things, and making healthy decisions always.

Psychological treatment is helpful because of various reasons. Below are the reasons why it is important and less harmful to the person’s body using this form of medication.

  1. It helps people better understand themselves, understand their behaviors, and how they do their things. It allows people to know their personality and the reason behind how they do their things.
  2. It helps people to understand and resolve their problems. Various challenges come in the life of patients. They need to find the best way to resolve these issues. They will have a good mind to identify the best medication for a given condition at some given stage and from which source they should get the cure and treatment.
  3. Psychological treatment can also help to help people recognize the signs and symptoms of a mental illness. They can be able to reduce the symptoms that come with them early and in the most effective ways, reducing the chances of the disease affecting one severely.
  4. People’s behaviors are meant to change, and the quality of life is increased further, giving no room for the mental illness to overpower one.

Nutritional supplements

It is important for every person to have food that is rich in nutrients, and engages in practices that help them have healthy and enough ingredients in the body. It should be noted, however, that nutritional supplements are not there to replace a healthy diet, but to make it full. It is usually used on people who have less nutritional value, or those that have limited food or resources to take food that is rich in nutrients. Those who take a wide variety of foods rich in nutrients have no need to use this process.

People take nutritional supplements for a number of reasons,. For this case, a psychosis patient needs to be healthy and strong. Good health and strength fully rely on the nutrients taken in to the body. It will give them the strength to manage the illness, and the strength to have a quality life. It is an important step because it makes all the other steps possible and less harmful.

Benefits of pharmacological and psychosocial interventions

  1. Pharmacological interventions

There are various antisocial personalities that come to a person, mostly when the person is disappointed by some happening. Some of the things that can make one develop such personalities and behaviors may include; loss of a close loved one, drugs and substance use, relationship difficulties and instability, unemployment, or being fired from job, and rule-breaking leading to criminal activities.

Pharmacological interventions deal with the use, effects, misuse, and the modes of action of drugs. Pharmacological interventions can be used in different stages to reduce Psychosis. Medication has been found to be one of the best ways of treating a series of infections. The medication that is prescribed does not treat well on its own, but works better with psychological supplements. People need to also be taught how to abstain from harmful thoughts that might end up bringing upon them depression.

Pharmacotherapy is specially used to make people at the ultra-high stage to withdraw from negative thoughts and practices after offering medication. It has the aim of bringing the affected persons onto a calm state, where their minds are peaceful. Many people have been reluctant to take this step, and are not ready to support people to take medication for this cause. However, with a lot of guidance and counseling, together with educating people, a gradual change is being experienced. Experts are aiming at changing the attitudes of people towards pharmacological action.

One of the US health organizations conducted a survey, and they realized that pharmacological action has helped people, especially those taking alcohol to stop or reduce the amount of alcohol intake.

The Benefits of Psychosocial Interventions for Mental Health in People Living with Psychosis

Psychosocial is a term used to relate the social factors around a particular place to the thoughts and behaviors of people. It is the relationship that is defined by the social-psychological factors, how they can make a person think well, and how they can contribute to the mental wellbeing of a person. So, it is a relationship of the mind, between a person, and society.

When a person is in a state where he is not interacting normally with society, psychosocial interventions are used to guide the person to have a healthy relationship with other people. It is aimed at changing the person’s behavior, or navigating the person’s behavior to fit everybody comfortably and morally.

In Psychosis, the interventions are used to help improve the mental wellness of the particular person. Several therapies are used to counsel the affected person. Examples of the innervations that are used include; Cognitive Therapy and Behavioral Therapy. These are the two mainly used therapies as an intervention measure. They both focus on how people view themselves, how they think about the environment, how they speak, how they try to fit into the environment. Negative thoughts are usually eliminated because they lead to negative behaviors, and positive reviews are nurtured because they lead to positive social behaviors among people. If a person can start thinking positively from the inside, the output will be good, leading to a healthy lifestyle. Group and individual counseling are both done to resolve this.




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