Loden’s wheel of diversity

Loden’s wheel of diversity includes five dimensions that consist, personality, internal-external, Era and organizational levels through which experience, stimuli, and information are processed by all of us. Organizational dimensions include work content, seniority, work location, union affiliation, management status, department or division, and union affiliation. Globalization has increased world diversity due to various factors such as education, language, religion, gender, and culture. These factors have also led to the need for diversification as a way of enhancing institutional competence, especially in the criminal justice system. These factors will help ensure the development of the criminal justice system, which is highly affected by diversification in various areas.

There are also various factors that are most prevalent in influencing interactions within the criminal justice system. These factors include, race (internal), belief system/religion (external), world events (organizational), and management status/title (Era).Diversity has two types of dimensions. Some of the dimensions can be changed while others we can not change. We cannot change some of the states of diversity since we can not change our physical abilities. For example, we cannotchangeour race (our parents) or our sexual orientation. The race is from the inner embedded sphere of the four layers of diversity, which we have no control over (Arai, Wanca-Thibault, & Shockley-Zalabak, 2011). However, the other factors are from the outer space of the Dimensions of diversity, and we have some control over and may or may not change them over time.

There are situations under which we can change the dimensions of diversity, such as religious beliefs, education, management status, and cultural or world events. Diversity includes anything that can set us apart, meaning that both the externally visible level and deeper invisible levels where values and beliefs reside can also divide us. Loden’s wheel of diversity was developed to help initiate conversations regarding possible similarities and differences that cross-cultural and societal boundaries.

The Sharada Jones case depicts some information that helps us connect various Loden’s Wheel factors identified in this paper. Gender, which comes from the inner embedded sphere, can be identified in Sharanda’s case. The article states that some drugs sentencing laws are more effective than the case against women. “In Dallas’ federal courts, few cases have illustrated the arbitrary nature of tough drug sentencing laws more effectively than the case against a woman from Terrell named Sharanda Jones.” (Martyn, 2021)Relationship status is also another factor that has been depicted in sharanda’s case. Sharada received a harsh sentence because she refused to reinforce her relationship by rolling over on a Dallas police officer. “They wanted her to roll over on a then-Dallas police officer that was a friend of hers, and she refused to do it…” (Martyn, 2021). Political events can also influence interactions within the criminal justice system. In a quote from the article, the president could grant commutation to sharanda to be given a second chance. “We are elated at the news about Donel and hope the president continues to grant commutations to many others like Sharanda who are more than deserving to be given a second chance.” (Martyn, 2021)Department/division may also play a role in decisions that can affect the criminal justice system. In a quote from Shranda’s case, “the Justice Department announced a separatehistoricinitiative to give early release to 6,000 prisoners, under reforms that have retroactively made drug sentences shorter” (Martyn, 2021)

Cultural events, education, and work experiences are other factors that may influence interactions within the criminal justice system. The culture found in the criminal justice system may also influence the level of interactions. This will depend on the attention placed on diversity within the criminal justice system. The behaviour of people originates from the internalization of cultural conditioning. People with different cultures will often get involved in cultural conflicts as they try to understand the behavior of each other. Such misunderstandings and conflicts tend to reduce as people develop an understanding of one another’s culture and how it is manifested in attitudes and behaviorsCapowski, 2015). There are naive assumptions that as the workforce and the society become more diverse, some of the cultural differences become less important and that it’s a matter of common sense and communication, and that a conflict remains a conflict regardless of the culture. These naive assumptions regarding cultural differences make it difficult for the criminal justice system to view cross-cultural training and awareness as vital. As law enforcement and society become more diverse, it becomes easy and essential to managing cultural diversity.

In conclusion, criminal justice professionals can become culturally aware by understanding their own culture and learn about different cultures in the community and within the agency. They can also seek to understand the dynamics of cross-cultural communication, conflict, and adjustment, as well as developing cross-cultural interpretive, analytical and communicative skills. The criminal justice system should also include cross-cultural awareness in various aspects of law enforcement training. According to Loden, our society is far from having a truly global conversation about inclusion and diversity. This is because there are many countries that believe that “diversity” is an American concept that is only focused on race and gender.

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