Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex child developmental or neurobehavioral condition that involves the disability in developing the skills of a child such as communication skills, language development, interruption of interests, and unstable behavior. It is referred to as “spectrum disorder” since it has a wide variety of symptoms that can extend to different levels of severity. There is no known cause of ASD. However, researchers suggest that it develops from a combination of genetic and non-genetic influences. It also affects children despite their gender, race, or ethnicity (“AboutKidsHealth,” n.d.).

ASD has several characteristics that will be visible or noticeable in a child suffering from the condition. First, a child with ASD usually has difficulties or little interest in social interactions with others. It includes problems and difficulties in talking and responding to others working with others, or playing with others. Researchers also add that such children create imaginary friends with whom they play and communicate imaginary conversations, sometimes act visibly, and can be heard talking to themselves. Such children may show under or overreaction to either of their five senses, such as seeing, touching, smell, taste, or hearing (“Children with autism create imaginary friends like typically developing children,” n.d.).

Also, children with ASD have unusual interests in particular objects, specific postures, or certain abilities where they need sameness. They repetitively do something or have a solid ability to do something and thus leading to their interest in doing such or acting in a particular way. On the other hand, they may lack total power to do some of the ordinary things, and this leads to the lack of interest in the given items and thus making them act in a specific and unusual character. There are also instabilities in their emotions and expressions.

Since the disorder has no actual cause, the treatment has not yet been found; nevertheless, there are interventions developed to reduce the severity of the condition, improve the cognitive ability and help the child’s body functions and improve community participation (“Treatment | Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) | NCBDDD| CDC,” 2020).

References

AboutKidsHealth. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1494&language=english

Children with autism create imaginary friends like typically developing children. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.healio.com/news/psychiatry/20180503/children-with-autism-create-imaginary-friends-like-typically-developing-children

Treatment | Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) | NCBDDD | CDC. (2020, March 16). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/treatment.html

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