Conflict theory by Karl Marx

Conflict theory by Karl Marx implies that there will always be a state of conflict due to the never-ending competition in society for limited resources. This brings on the constant struggle between the rich and the poor, holding that social order is maintained through power and domination. Marx does not purport that conflict s good or bad. Rather, conflict is an unavoidable aspect among human beings as long as there is completion for finite resources, which explains the existence of class conflict. From the transcribed audio, the police focus on keeping the crowd of demonstrators away from the KKK even amid the tension and tempers between the protesters and the police. The police try to save the Klan, siding along with the violent Klan willfully crushing the minorities, making it clear that the Klan holds the white superiority idea while the demonstrators are the minorities.

Institutional racisms occur when there is unequal treatment or discrimination based on membership to a certain ethnic group, usually a marginalized or minority group (Small and Pager, 2020). This kind of sociological concept allows the distribution of opportunities, power, and resources to specific groups claiming to work for the good of the community allowing the majority to reach their fulfillment more easily and fully. In other terms, it can be described as a way or ordinance where societal structures impose oppressive conditions on certain groups. The audio shows that demonstrators represent the minorities and thus experience arrest, gassing, and being crushed by the police. The police work tirelessly to protect the violet KKK due to racial discrimination as they display the concept of racial hierarchy attacking the innocent demonstrators to protect the violent clan.

In conclusion, conflict theory and institutional racism can be seen from the treatment of the police towards the violent KKK clan and the demonstrators. Racial hierarchy where people of color are at the bottom is seen, and white superiority gives a big picture of how society operates during a conflict and even day-to-day interactions. Unquestioned social systems are the major causes of such theories and perspectives, and it is clear that from the passage, those police and KKK clans hold more power and favor over the minorities hence the treatment of the demonstrators.


Small, M. L., & Pager, D. (2020). Sociological Perspectives on Racial Discrimination. Journal of Economic Perspectives34(2), 49-67.


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