Postmodern and Recovery Models


MODEL Theorist(s) Role of Therapist Model Assumptions Key Interventions Goals Course (length) of Treatment Critique/Limitations
Recovery Model Mary Ellen Copeland Helping patients create their recovery plans, identify their weaknesses and strengths, and map their process. It is possible to recover from any illness.

Patient recovery is self-directed.

Optimism and commitment from patients, the community, social workers, public health teams, health professionals, and families (Jacob, 2015). The model aims to help distressed patients look beyond existence and survival and move forward (Jacob, 2015). It is a process without a specified timeframe since it focuses on discovering new interests, skills, and values as coping mechanisms. ·         Some people with severe mental illness continue with marked cognitive deficits and significant negative symptoms.

·         Clients may ignore the work of the therapist.

Solution-Focused Steve de Shazer Working together with the client to find solutions and set new goals. Patients are their own experts.

Patients possess coping skills, resources, and strengths.

Change is contagious, inevitable, and constant (Chang & Nylund, 2013).


Rather than focusing on the past, clients should shift their attention to a future without the problem through social work and concentrate on the available solutions (Chang & Nylund, 2013). Finding and implementing solutions to the primary issues as soon as possible to reduce therapy time (Chang & Nylund, 2013). Around five sessions of therapy with each lasting about forty-five minutes. ·         Clients may think that they are well and stop therapy before the therapist completes the assessment.

·         The work of the therapist may be underappreciated.

Collaborative Herbert H. Clerk and Susan E. Brennan            
Narrative David Epston and Michael White            


Chang, J., & Nylund, D. (2013). Narrative and solution-focused therapies: A twenty-year retrospective. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 32(2),            72–88.   

Jacob, K. (2015). Recovery model of mental illness: A complementary approach to psychiatric care. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine,   37(2), 117–119.



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