The Mark of Criminal Record


The author of the article used audit methodology as the primary method of research. This was a study launched in 1970 with a series of house audits in urban development (Pager 945). Similarly, audit research style entails applying employees’ context research in urban institutes and the basic design of employment order. It involves machine repairs of individuals with the appeal of audit methodology that combines experiment and real-life context. The author uses the information of his research in obtaining observation of data through this particular valuable approach of collecting data. This audit study consists of a primary helpful tool of a research study characterized by the criminal justice system (Pager 946). Besides, this research design had the dedication of records towards increase the importance of issues with fair employment of regulation to protect persons with criminal records from discrimination by the bosses.

The recent trends in criminal policy are a leading fact of the high rate of re-offending and people winding up back in prison. This harsher punishment does not allow prisoners to change their lives, but it offers severe punishment that effectively gets criminals off the street. Notably, harsh punishment fails to give basic knowledge that will help these criminals when they get out of prison, leading to the high rate of re-offending in the United States. Nearly 2 million persons are currently imprisoned, roughly 95% are released early, and 1/2 million are being released every year, with an estimated 8% working age in the United States (Pager 938). The leading cause of re-offending is a lack of basic employment knowledge that will help individuals get back to normal and learn how they cope with life. Lack of basic knowledge and opportunities are the leading cause of re-offending.

More than 40% of individuals who have been released from prison are likely to reoffend and return to prison within three years (Pager 938). Also, poor neighborhoods, high rate of unemployment, torture and harsh penalty imposed in the criminal justice system are some of the leading causes of most people winding up in prison. Also, racial profiling is a challenge among the black Americans subjecting them to a high chance of being targeted by police representing a 28% likelihood of incarceration during lifetime compared to the white (Pager 939). Limited future employment opportunities for earning a living infrastructure and racial discrimination are among the ultimate re-offending aspects. For instance, in the year 2000, 10% of the black men were arrested compared to 1% of the white men in the same age group (Pager 939).

Works Cited

Pager, Devah. “The mark of a criminal record.” American journal of sociology 108.5 (2003): 937-975.



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