Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans


In 1453, Constantinople, the Byzantine capital, fell to the hands of the Ottoman Turks. The city’s downfall that signalled the Roman Empire’s decline was deemed as a massive blow to Christendom and bore a substantial effect on western civilization. After the conquering of Constantinople, a political and cultural shift ensued that later transformed the European trajectory. A significant attributed to the decline of Constantinople entailed the spread of the resurgence in Europe. The decline of Constantinople and the Roman Kingdom terminated the middle ages that facilitated and powered the renaissance in Europe. According to Angold (2014), the renaissance was considered a vital aspect of European civilization as most academics and artists moved to Europe and brought their technical, theoretical, and artistic concepts and understanding to Europe. Furthermore, Renaissance humanism was critical in improving the knowledge of the Greek dialect by the western neighbors in institutions of higher education as they intermingled as prehistoric texts continued spreading.

According to Angold (2013), the kingdom converted to a Muslim kingdom that severed the foreign trade route to the east of the region from the west of Europe, leading to the discovery of more trade routes. Moreover, it facilitated Europe’s civilization and the entire universe. Triumph over Constantinople signalled the culmination of the violent and long-lasting split between the Byzantines and Western Europe, mainly attributed to the rift between the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches. The fall of Constantinople bore significant effects on European civilization. A host of Balkan and Greek people were compelled to change to Islam and escaped to the west to Italy through the Adriatic Sea. Subsequently, Islamic civilization later spread over to Europe. The city’s fall detached what was once an effective defense for Christian Europe against Muslim assault, permitting continuous Ottoman development into Eastern Europe.


Angold, M. (2014). The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans: Context and Consequences. Routledge.

Angold, M. (2013). Turning points in history: the Fall of Constantinople. Byzantinoslavica-Revue internationale des Etudes Byzantines71(1-2), 11-30.

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