Healthcare professionals are specialists maintaining human healthiness by applying principles and procedures of agreed medicine and care. The industry encompasses many activities, including studying, diagnosing, treating, and preventing people from attaining illness, injury, physical or mental impairments. These roles get conducted by various experts, including the nurses and
Nurses are professionals that promote health and preventative care, presenting autonomous and collaborative care to individuals of all ages, families, groups, and populations. The nurses need college-level training to equip them with the knowledge and skills required to practice care (Shamian, 2014). The experts ensure they reduce the people’s suffering by diagnosing and treating people for a better biological and physical response. They also participate in advocacy of care to influence diverse communities’ outcomes by promoting a safe environment and effective health policies.
Traditionally nurses participated only in inpatient care and helped individuals manage their physical needs. Employment was limited in the past, and most of the skilled individuals worked in private establishments and conducted limited roles due to a lack of diversification. According to Change (2020), the profession includes working in healthcare facilities by observing and monitoring the sick, recording and making treatment decisions according to the analysis. The experts also participated in the administration of medications and operation of equipment influence delivery experience. The settings and scope of practice have changed to include holistic care, including the individual’s cultural, developmental, psychosocial, and spiritual needs (Judd & Sitzman, 2014). The contemporary specialists prioritize the people and advocate, participate in decision-making, education, and support the system.
Expansion of health roles has improved nursing with development through education and training. The professionals engage in a transformative care system directed towards meeting the unique needs of society. According to Mulligan and Castañeda (2017), the experts enjoy the new opportunities to improve the quality, access, and value of the services by programs and initiatives changing the environment positively. The social determinants of health get incorporated in care delivery to increase job satisfaction and ensure that society receives equal care despite their social and economic status. The evolution of high technology improves nurses’ efficiency, reduces errors, and increases patient safety. Other related organizations have increased their support and participation by acknowledging and supporting the benefits provided by nurses.
The shortage of the healthcare workforce affects the nurses negatively in their practice, health, and motivation. The issues are resultant of low salaries, inability to fill available faculties, and aging population. The experts, as a result, work for longer hours and, in most cases, under stressful conditions due to a high number of patients (Mehdaova, 2017). The care’s efficiency provides due to fatigue, and the patients are exposed to more risks since the nurses are more prone to injuries and job dissatisfaction. An increase in negative experiences exists because the nurses cannot effectively evaluate and assess the affected individuals’ conditions, especially in emergencies.
- Health Services Administrator
Health services administrators are an expert in managing institutional activities by planning, directing, and coordinating care. An Individual can become a professional in this profession by having a health administration degree equipping one with skills to solve complex delivery issues acting as a leader (Abuse, 2013). The expert is responsible for planning the overall institutional plan by creating strategic policies, formulating the budget, and creating a safe and quality work environment. The administrator coordinates activities with employees to ensure adequate personnel performs effectively. The skilled use their legal knowledge to ensure the health services comply with the regulations to ensure ethical practice and care delivery.
Traditionally, healthcare administrators participated in the creation of health institutions that were effective in delivering care. According to Kash et al. (2014), they made sure the society’s medical needs get met by running the institutions as business entities that needed to become productive and effective. The institutions’ modern complexity has changed the administrator’s role, influencing them to become more accountable and involved in care by understanding how the services affect the community and personnel. The profession has become more executive since an individual has to influence the whole institution regarding the values and standards exercised globally. More interpersonal skills are required to ensure they think critically, make sound decisions, resolve conflicts, and manage the projects effectively.
The changing roles of healthcare affect the service administrators by increasing coordination between the authorities, financial organizations, workers, and patients. The experts have to prepare their institutions for the changes through strategic planning and resource allocation to increase safety and inclusion in healthcare. The facility activities will get linked to the governmental policies to ensure the hospitals comply with the laws. The expert needs to partners with insurance companies to ensure that the patient’s needs are covered. According to Mehdaova (2017), leaders face big problems dealing with healthcare workers shortage through recruitment and retention. The managers increase their activities and budgetary plans to increase employee education, create a positive work environment, and create policies to ensure social change and increase effectiveness. Healthcare providers wish to maintain the quality of care by influencing the current staff and motivating them with support structures.
Mehdaova, E. A. (2017). Strategies to overcome the nursing shortage. https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5933&context=dissertations
Shamian, J. (2014). The role of nursing in health care. Revista brasileira de enfermagem, 67(6), 867-868. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-71672014000600867#:~:text=Nursing%20includes%20the%20promotion%20of,nursing%20roles%22(1).
Judd, D. M., & Sitzman, K. (2014). A history of American nursing: Trends and eras. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. https://books.google.com/books%3Fhl%3Den%26lr%3D%26id%3DLm_h_fvxZboC%26oi%3Dfnd%26pg%3DPP2%26dq%3DAmerican%2BNursing%2B%2BAn%2BIntroduction%2Bto%2Bthe%2BPast%26ots%3DqzqhNc9YjV%26sig%3DN9br5Vx0KvfxceL8rc56Blp5T7A
Change, L. (2020). The Future of Nursing. http://www.innovationlabs.com/pa_future/1/background_docs/Future%20of%20Nursing,%20IOM,%20Brief,%202010.pdf
Abuse, S. (2013). Mental Health Services Administration. Results from the, 2, 013. https://greenlake.extension.wisc.edu/files/2019/03/Green-Lake_April-2019-CWAS-Newsletter.pdf
Mulligan, J. M., & Castañeda, H. (Eds.). (2017). Unequal Coverage: The experience of health care reform in the United States (Vol. 2). NYU Press. https://books.google.com/books%3Fhl%3Den%26lr%3D%26id%3DDeU8DwAAQBAJ%26oi%3Dfnd%26pg%3DPR7%26dq%3DHealthcare%2BAdministrators%2B%2BRoles,%2BResponsibilities,%2Band%2BCareer%2BOutlook%250ABy%2BLeslie%2BDoyle%250A%26ots%3D_cbxt30BVz%26sig%3DLTfiU_UB8TRECIlbrYtYWas8mVY
Kash, B. A., Spaulding, A., Johnson, C. E., & Gamm, L. (2014). Success factors for strategic change initiatives: A qualitative study of healthcare administrators’ perspectives. Journal of Healthcare Management, 59(1), 65-81. https://journals.lww.com/jhmonline/Fulltext/2014/01000/Success_Factors_for_Strategic_Change_Initiatives_.11.aspx