Child Witness and Violence
Age defines the social constructs and the cognitive development of a kid. Younger children are more vulnerable to be emotionally exposed and may naturally feel out of control regarding the situation. A child’s age also helps us to understand the manner in which the child internalized the violence. The age also governs the scope and avenues for the kid to avoid any form of violence (Greeson et., al 2011). A majority of young kids are reliant on their parents, who may turn out to be the likely perpetrators of violence. Hence, it may result in emotional unpredictability in a kid. In addition, a child’s age assists therapists in determining the kind of therapy procedures that may support a kid in dealing with tension and nervousness.
A child at a tender age of 3 years is heavily reliant on his father and mother or guardians, and therefore, the child’s ability to deal with the pressure and vehemence is frail. The young kids co-opt the viciousness they are being exposed to and may learn to suppose actions as a regular occurrence. Nonetheless, in such instances where the kid is as old as three years, the likelihood of the kid to get accustomed to defencelessness is strong. A kid at the age of ten being exposed to violence may exhibit inapt emotive development or attachment to persons close to him. The kid is better equipped, cognitively, as compared to a three-year-old and therefore, can also find himself in a better situation to communicate his state and strain. According to Russell, Springer, and Greenfield (2010), for the case of thirteen-year-old teens, they find themselves as the most susceptible. They may view violence as the only form of dealing with conflicts and may perpetrate toward a weaker target as compared to him. The hormonal deviations and outside stressors are likely to develop a fatal sequence for a youthful child to handle.
Young children exposed to cases of violence require the intervention of professionals to assess the extent and impact on the development and behavior of the child. The Child witness to Violence Project states that no single profession can prosper alone as people are well assisted if different agencies are united. Parents may reassure a child in the aftermath of violence by permitting them to air their stories; however difficult it may be and remind them it is never their fault. Professionals may assist by offering ways of developing strategies for the management of challenging behaviors or helping the parents comprehend the kid’s view on domestic violence. Neighbors may as well help by calling support services that may require the data.
Not every child that vulnerable to violence exhibits the same characteristics as the response may vary with the age and stage of development. Some of the reactions may include anxiety, sleepiness, high activity levels, and aggression. Strategies that may be employed by parents to contain the effects include particular praise that entails rewarding affirmative behavior to help the children feel appreciated and satisfied with themselves. Training kids on easy recreation ways such as profound inhalation and offer freedom to enable them to unwind. Maintain consistent rules and routines to teach the children that life can be foreseeable.
The Child Witness to Violence Project is a psychotherapy outreach project that focuses on victims of violence, particularly young kids. The program executes national teaching for different personnel such as police and health care providers. Domestic Violence Resource Network (DVRN) is sponsored by the Health and Human Services department to notify and reinforce interventions along with deterrence efforts at the personal and communal levels.
Russell, D., Springer, K. W., & Greenfield, E. A. (2010). Witnessing domestic abuse in childhood as an independent risk factor for depressive symptoms in young adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(6), 448-453.
Greeson, J. K., Briggs, E. C., Kisiel, C. L., Layne, C. M., Ake III, G. S., Ko, S. J., … & Fairbank, J. A. (2011). Complex trauma and mental health in children and adolescents placed in foster care: Findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. Child welfare, 90(6), 91.