Empirical Reasoning

Empirical Reasoning

Based on the information gathered, Myopia is a prevalent ailment, and the infant onset myopia was thought to have been attributed to be an inherent or environmental component. In addition, these forms of myopia are believed to an experiment on animals and are signified by particular light cycles. Therefore, this affects the processes of myopia three and four, spreading to human beings (Quinn et al., 1999). Moreover, researchers have proven that there has been a wide-ranging link between juvenile myopia and night illumination by the age of two. This increases the likelihood of happening in young kids that slept with night lights.

On the other hand, research done by Zadnik et al. (2000) recapped the Quinn’s research study and identified it as erroneous.  The doctors discovered that childhood myopia is associated to chromosomal and environmental aspects. Nonetheless, the doctors failed to find a connection to ambient illumination. The research participants comprised of 1220 kids, between the age of two and twenty four and the mean age was ten years old. When the research was carried by Quinn, only children at the age of eight were utilized as participants. This skewed his outcomes and generated an erroneous outcome. The research done by Quinn was not all inclusive to obtain a sufficient conclusion. This deemed the research as false.

The second research conducted by Zadnik et al. (2000) also highlighted that Quinn’s research made use of secondary sources to collect their information. On the other hand, Zadnik et al. (2000) conducted an independent study to guarantee the legitimacy and steadfastness of the study. Both research studies were done differently. Therefore, this resulted in varied outcomes. Empirical reasoning is regarded as inductive, which signifies that it is probabilistic in nature. Conclusions reached by empirical reasoning are justified implications that are still open to amendments as a result of novel data. Empirical interpretations can be substantiated by other self-regulating researchers. The main aim of empirical investigation is generating new information that guarantees the provision of explanations, predictions and probably regulate what takes place.


Quinn, G. E., Shin, C. H., Maguire, M. G. & Stone, R. A. (1999). Myopia and ambient lighting at night. Nature, 399 (6732), 113-114. Retrieved from https://chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mdc&AN=10335839&site=eds-live&scope=site

Zadnik, K., Jones, L. A., Irvin, B. C., Kleinstein, R. N., Manny, R. E., Shin, J. A., & Mutti, D. O. (2000). Myopia and ambient night-time lighting. CLEERE study group. Collaborative longitudinal evaluation of ethnicity and refractive error. Nature, 404(6774), 143-144. Retrieved from https://chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mdc&AN=10724157&site=eds-live&scope=site (Links to an external site.)



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