Cyber bullying is one of the present-day sociological subjects that have been propagated by widespread usage of the internet and social media platforms. The top 3 nations where cyberbullying is the most predominant are India, Brazil, and the United States, but it is a regular incidence everywhere. Social media cyberbullying data indicate that over sixty five percent of parents globally allude to cyberbullying as the major concern (Hinduja & Patchin, 2019). The matter has resulted in the rise in the number of individuals contemplating suicide and increasing psychological ailments such as isolation and disinterest. Cyber bullying can be proficiently mitigated through various aspects such as the development of strong campaigns against the vice, and it can further be reduced on social media platforms by developing policies against the vice.

Causes of Cyberbullying

There are several reasons which lead to cyberbullying. One of the causes is individuals who have been tormented earlier also want to do the same with others. When these targets have undergone bullying, they might seek retaliation. In most cases, they desire a weaker individual that may suffer the same trauma. Moreover, this act is a validation for the period when cyberbullying targets have been tortured and beleaguered. By cyberbullying other individuals, the bullies are contented but it is considered as a short-term sense of relief.

Another cause for cyberbullying is individuals seek to prove themselves and authenticate their reputation. Most individuals that believe it may not be a big deal and do not feel the agony caused. Rather than empathizing bullying victims, harming others makes such individuals feel assertive. Furthermore, the tormenters, sometimes, trust that the more persons they irritate the more commanding they turn out to be (Monni & Sultana, 2016). They may utilize any techniques that may cause awful harm for the victims’ mind, just to reduce the social rank. Generally, the objective to be accomplished is raising and disseminating their own authority and discrediting others.

Effects of Cyber Bullying

One of the effects is disinterest. When cyberbullying is constant, fatalities frequently connect to the realm around them contrarily than others. For most casualties, life may be hopeless and insincere. Individuals lose interest activities they once relished and spending less time interrelating with family and associates. In most cases, the young children may appear disinterested in schooling. Cyberbullying targets frequently have much advanced rates of non-attendance at learning institutions as compared to other kids. They avoid school to evade confronting the children that bully them or since they are ashamed and disgraced by the messages shared.

Another effect is isolation. Cyberbullying may in most instances lead to teenagers being banned and disliked at learning institutions. The young teen is likely to feel lonely and secluded. These experiences are predominantly agonising since friends are vital at this period. When children don’t have associates, this may result to more cases of bullying (Brailovskaia, Teismann & Margraf, 2018). What’s more, when cyberbullying happens, most individuals commend shutting off the laptop or switching off the cell phone. However, for teenagers, this frequently signifies restricting communication with their realm. Their mobile handsets and their computers are one of the most significant modes of communicating. If that decision for communication is removed, they may feel separated and cut off.

Another effect of cyberbullying is suicide. According to Hinduja and Patchin (2019), Cyberbullying may increase suicide risks. Children that are continuously distressed by peers through text messages, instant messaging, social media, and other outlets, frequently start having a sense of hopelessness.  They might as well start feeling that the only way to evade the anguish is by suicide. Therefore, they may visualize ending their life to run away from their oppressors. If the children are cyberbullied, it is important to never dismiss the feelings.  It is advised to always evaluate a child’s health if there are any changes in the personality.

Mitigation Measures

To mitigate the rise in suicidal cases due to cyber bullying, it is vital to finance evidence-based interventions and prevention attempts.  Because of the continuous launch of technological mediums, the parts where online attacks are committed may likewise grow and constantly change. As a result of the ever changing technological landscape, it is crucial finance evidence-based interventions and preventions. Interventions associated with online security can concentrate on certain approaches. For example, digital understanding, peer sustenance, conflict resolution and witness interventions.

The other prevention mechanism involves stressing on the issue of online safety within the public space. Educational campaigns and media information approaches are important in creating public attention to fundamental concerns that relate to online safety (Hinduja & Patchin, 2017). The campaign may involve offering information on cyber aggression and cyberbullying, how to manage online risks, and raising awareness on support services. Association between groups, charitable groups, and researchers in this field may help in developing a suitable campaign that raises awareness. This will greatly contribute to the delivery of non-stop dedication to online security apprehensions at important developmental stages.

The other mitigation mechanism involves improving preparation and support services. Policy and government efforts of managing cyber aggression and cyberbullying has remained insufficient in almost each state globally. It is important to be aggressive in engaging with aid groups, schools and other stakeholders and supporting them in their quest to tackle the online security concerns.  This may be done more effectively through proper preparations, and adequate financing. For example, there are several benefits of producing high-quality online safety training and preparing the learning institution personnel.


The development of information and communication technology has resulted in an increase in cyberbullying actions accompanied by elements of intimidation against fellow members, especially among teenagers as the most internet users in cyberspace, such as websites. The perpetrators do cyberbullying because they are motivated by certain motives while teens who are victims of cyberbullying will experience emotional and social problems in their lives. To mitigate the risks, it is important to improve the preparation and support services, advocating for online safety in the public realm and financing evidence-based interventions.

Brailovskaia, J., Teismann, T., & Margraf, J. (2018). Cyberbullying, positive mental health and suicide ideation/behavior. Psychiatry research267, 240-242.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2017). Cultivating youth resilience to prevent bullying and cyberbullying victimization. Child abuse & neglect73, 51-62.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2019). Connecting adolescent suicide to the severity of bullying and cyberbullying. Journal of school violence18(3), 333-346.

Monni, S. S., & Sultana, A. (2016). Investigating cyber bullying: Pervasiveness, causes and socio-psychological impact on adolescent girls. Journal of Public Administration and Governance6(4), 12-37.


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