The Antibiotic resistance has been considered as the ability of microorganisms to resist the impacts of antibiotics. Ideally antibiotic resistance has evolved through natural selection. The antibiotic action is an environmental force and thus bacteria’s that have transmutation will continue to persist and reproduce. They microorganisms pass the resistance genes to their off springs thus creating a fully resistance generation. For instance, overusing a wide spectrum of antibiotics such as cephalosporin greatly leads to the growth of methicillin resistance. The results on the health map show increased antibiotic resistance within Brisbane, CA with reference to antibiotics such as 3rd generation of cephalosporin, methicillin, vancomycin and carbapenems. The results show high rates of antibiotic resistance in Brisbane, CA as compared to Lincoln, NE and Miami Fl (HealthMap, 2017). The differences in the results of antibiotic resistance in these areas is due to difference in the management of microbial infections within the areas.
Antibiotics are over prescribed by doctors thus resulting to the emergence of resistant bacteria strains (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Relatively, incorrect prescription of antibiotics has also contributed to the resistance bacteria. Another reason for the increased antibiotic resistance, is the lack of regulation in most countries. Most nations have unregulated the use of antibiotics which are easily accessible over the counter without prescription thus facilitating overuse. The ability to buy these products has extended the use of antibiotics for agricultural use (Ventola, 2015). The use of antibiotics as pesticides has led to the spread of the resultant through ground water, fertilizer and run off thus limiting the development of immunities to the antigens in the environment to both adults and children.
To address this challenges there is need for coordinated efforts to offer potential solution to the issue of antibiotic resistance. Steps that can be taken include proper infection control and prevention as well as lower the accelerated overuse and misuse of antibiotics by communicating to the society in order to limit and reduce impact of antibiotic resistance.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, September 10). Antibiotic / antimicrobial resistance (AR / AMR). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/
HealthMap. (2017). ResistanceOpen. Retrieved from https://resistanceopen.org/results/
Ventola, C. L. (2015). The antibiotic resistance crisis: part 1: causes and threats. Pharmacy and therapeutics, 40(4), 277.